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past perfect

use it

This is a past tense, so it is about something that
is over,
is finished
The past perfect is about a past action
that happened before another past action.
After I had had dinner, I cleared the table.
  = First I had dinner, and after dinner I cleared the table
When he had had an accident, they took him to hospital.
  = He had an accident, and after the accident they took him to hospital

In a sentence about the past, there are often clues
that tell you to use the past perfect.

Works like:

before, after, when, as soon as, because