An English verb only has a few different forms:
Examples = the verbs listen & speak
|We make combinations with these forms, and they are called tenses.
Such a tense adds extra meaning to the verb:
- Helen listens to the radio (she often does)
- Helen is listening to the radio (right now, just look)
- Helen listened to the radio (not now, she's finished)
|Many verbs are regular. They follow certain rules, and that means it is easy to know their different forms.
When you know the rule, you know their forms.
|The rule itself is very simple:
past = past participle = infinitive + ED
listen -> listened (past) - listened (past part.)
walk -> walked (past) - walked (past part.)
|Unfortunately there are a number of irregular verbs, that don't follow this simple rule.
Unfortunately there is only 1 way to know their forms: memorize them.
Unfortunately many of the irregular verbs are very common, and so used a lot in everyday conversation.
|A few examples:
- to speak - spoke - spoken
- to hear - heard - heard
- to write - wrote - written
- to come - came - come
- to go - went - gone